A Grammar of Neo-Aramaic. The dialect of the Jews of Arbel by Lecturer in Hebrew and Aramaic at the Faculty of Oriental

By Lecturer in Hebrew and Aramaic at the Faculty of Oriental Studies Geoffrey Khan

Being direct descendants of the Aramaic spoken by means of the Jews in antiquity, the nonetheless spoken Jewish Neo-Aramaic dialects of Kurdistan deserve targeted and bright curiosity. Geoffrey Khan's A Grammar of Neo-Aramaic is a different list of 1 of those dialects, now at the verge of extinction. This quantity, the results of huge fieldwork, includes a description of the dialect spoken by way of the Jews from the area of Arbel (Iraqi Kurdistan), including a transcription of recorded texts and a thesaurus. The grammar includes sections on phonology, morphology and syntax, preceded by means of an introductory bankruptcy analyzing the location of this dialect when it comes to the opposite identified Neo-Aramaic dialects. The transcribed texts list folktales and bills of customs, traditions and reviews of the Jews of Kurdistan.

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3. g. < *betä < *mätä < *mötä < *xmätä (cf. $ abs. $ Syr. l~) + un + tä xäla 'new' < *xatä < *xattä < *}Jadtä (cf. Syr. ). g. zdula 'fear', xriwula 'wickedness'. g. g. xiila 'new' < *xattii. t! g. beta swiita Sriita 'egg' 'satiety' 'lamp' < *beftii < *s/}aftii < *Sraftii < *Sragtii (cf. p) Examples such as these in (i) and (ii) demonstrate that the shift is no Ionger operative in the language. g. t!. g. {/aha 'three' < *tliilii, bar 'after' < *biitar. e 'towns', which may be a variant of the ending -awiile (< *-iiwiite); cf.

15 V. Fieldwork The fieldwork for this study was undertaken in Israel during 1991 and 1994. My informants originated from various parts of the Arbe! region. At the time of my fieldwork, the informants were in their seventies, or at the youngest, their late sixties. They emigrated to Israel in 1951 and settled in various parts of the country. arge number of immigrants from the Arbe! region. Their details are as follows: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Mordechai Larza (= informant L): Resident of the town of Arbe!.

G. od-biibeu 'of his father' (Y:21). g. ot-mllle 'the one who has died' (Y:190). g. tara [t'rerre] 'daor', tre [tre] 'two', Stele ['Jte:le:] 'he drank'. g. miit 'astounded' (L:172), tara 'fruit', mifrit 'wholesaler' (L:386). g. miit 'what, whatever', tara 'door'. g. il-Barzan gdlre [21l'brerzreiJ] 'he was born in Barzan' (B:14), jwanqawele [dzwreiJ'qreve:le:] 'he was a yaung man' (Y:150). g. Ia gezen [ge:'ze·m] minnox 'I shall not go away from you' (B:128), ma gbetun mlnni? ' (L:192), xa xayzaran mxele-lleu [xrejzre'rrem] 'he hit him with a stick' (L:454), pr{qlan min [p 1'ri·qlrem] 'we escaped from' (Y:196).

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