A History of European Women's Work: 1700 to the Present by Deborah Simonton

By Deborah Simonton

A historical past of ecu Women's paintings attracts jointly fresh examine, energetic own debts and statistical facts to take an outline of tendencies in women's paintings from the pre-industrial interval to the current. Deborah Simonton discusses the definition of labor inside and with no patriarchal households, the prestige of labor and the talents concerned. She examines neighborhood in addition to Europe-wide advancements, contrasting nations corresponding to Britain, Germany and France. She considers women's personal perceptions of labor and its position of their lives in addition to age and sophistication, to offer a rounded account of the moving styles of employment and the continuities that are glaring within the women's personal adventure.

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Hufton describes virtually formalized instances of mothers organizing children’s begging, either regularly or sporadically, in town and country throughout France. 21 The larger the town and the greater the commercialization of the market, the less likely it was that a woman produced directly for the family. Research on early eighteenth-century Britain shows an overall increase in the ownership of household goods across the population, a trend that operated throughout Europe where patterns of trading and manufacturing increasingly differentiated.

In this women were not unique. But in several respects women’s work was the most task-orientated of all, so that the working day expanded to meet the needs of the work. Because of the character of domestic duties, women were more likely to respond to industrial work in the same way, taking on task work, rather than jobs defined by time. 25 The literature is replete with descriptions of women’s flexibility and the necessity of juggling a range of tasks, insofar as some work was so unspecialized as to be virtually invisible.

It does not apply to mining and most metal working, nor necessarily reflect the diversity of rural handicrafts, nor account for the interplay between dispersed and centralized aspects of the same industry. And it is too bold as an explanation of the stages of economic development, especially as rural industry had flourished since the late middle ages; it could hardly explain the industrial revolution of the eighteenth century. In many cases proto-industry simply did not develop into industrialization.

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