Achieving Justice: Comparative Public Opinions on Income by Toril Aalberg

By Toril Aalberg

This paintings offers a comparative research of public ideals approximately social justice. What can clarify the cross-national adaptations, and if reviews do switch through the years, why is that this so? this article will be of curiosity to these drawn to the connection among public opinion and political elite.

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Additional info for Achieving Justice: Comparative Public Opinions on Income Distribution (International Comparative Social Studies) (International Comparative Social Studies)

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This is the case described as non-comparative justice. A person’s entitlement is determined solely by that person’s own due. But often the determination of what is owed to one person depends on what is owed to another – and so the two claims must be compared in order to ascertain what would be a just treatment of them both. This is the case when several individuals with the same entitlements all desire a limited quantity of goods. This comparative evaluation of justice applies to the question of how income and welfare should be fairly distributed among all members of a society.

However, the principle is silent as to what characteristics are relevant to specific distributions. This specification of relevant characteristics is the function of the material principles of justice. The exclusive role of the formal principle then is to ensure that (i) in determining the appropriate distribution, only those characteristics that are relevant to the issue should be taken into account. That (ii) the same principles should be applied in identical situations, that is, the demand of consistency.

It was replicated again in 1990 and 1996. By  ,      17 replicating substantial parts of earlier modules (approximately twothirds), ISSP not only has a cross-national perspective, but also an over time perspective. Thus it is not only possible to compare nations and test whether similar social science models operate across societies, but also to see if there are similar international trends and whether parallel models of social change operate across nations.

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