Aeronautics Innovation: NASA's Challenges and Opportunities by National Research Council, Policy and Global Affairs,

By National Research Council, Policy and Global Affairs, Technology, and Economic Policy Board on Science, Committee on Innovation Models for Aeronautics Technologies, Stephen A. Merrill

NASA is an international chief in aeronautics study and improvement — fostering advances in aviation security and emissions, propulsion expertise, and lots of different components. And the agency's Aeronautics learn undertaking Directorate (ARMD) has performed an important position within the U.S. aeronautics undefined. lately, the directorate's leaders and specialists open air the organisation have sought how one can velocity leading edge makes use of of ARMD's learn effects. however the directorate faces administration demanding situations that make it tough for such purposes to be triumphant — or to happen in any respect. This record from the nationwide Academies' nationwide study Council, bargains the organization assistance on tips to deal with the move of expertise to exterior clients, in addition to enforce versatile group of workers and financial-management practices. The file additionally issues out difficulties that stem from an absence of contract on ARMD's destiny course and several other years of federal funds cuts.

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S. Rosenbloom and M. A. Cusumano, “Technological Pioneering and Competitive Advantage: The Birth of the VCR Industry,” in M. L. Tushman and W. L. , Readings in the Management of Innovation, 2nd ed. (Cambridge, MA: Ballinger, 1988). 53See M. Maidique and R. Hayes, “The Art of High Technology Management,” Sloan Management Review 25 (Winter 1984); J. Morone, Winning in High-Tech Markets (Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 1993); P. A. Abetti, U. Sumita, and Y. Kimura, “Toshiba Information Systems—From Mainframes to Laptops and Notebook Computers,” International Journal of Technology Management, Special Issue (1995), pp.

139-160; G. Lynn, J. Morone, and A. Paulson, “Marketing and Discontinuous Innovation: The Probe and Learn Process,” California Management Review 38 (3, Spring 1996). 54R. Leifer, C. McDermott, G. O’Connor, L. Peters, M. Rice, and R. Veryzer, Radical Innovation (Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 2000). 52See 32 AERONAUTICS INNOVATION they garner the continuing support necessary for their long, often tumultuous development. Furthermore, over time, a sustained strategic focus, accompanied by sustained technology development in support of that focus, fuels the development of unique capabilities in the firm’s domain of concentration.

G. Morone, Winning in High Tech Markets. 56The classic example is the American consumer electronics industry. S. Rosenbloom and W. J. ” NATIONAL AVIATION NEEDS AND THE FEDERAL ROLE 33 may have technical promise and support but are not affordable, the inclination will be to extend project timelines. In NASA this practice is said by NASA managers and customers to be fairly common (see Chapter 2). In an innovation-oriented organization, ingredients for success start with clear expectations and commitments and accountability for meeting those commitments on a planned schedule, so that both leadership and development teams are on the same page throughout the project cycle.

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