By Professor Dr. Vladimir S. Stepanov (auth.), Professor Dr. Vladimir S. Stepanov (eds.)
It is universally famous that the top of the present and the start of the subsequent century can be characterised through a thorough switch within the present traits within the financial improvement of all nations and a transition to new rules of monetary administration at the foundation of a source and effort conservation coverage. therefore there's an pressing necessity to check equipment, technical aids and fiscal outcomes of this variation, and especially, to figure out the prospective quantities of power assets that can be conserved (energy "reserves") in several spheres of the nationwide financial system. An elevated curiosity in the direction of power conservation in undefined, one of many biggest power shoppers, is sort of common and is manifested by way of the massive num ber of guides in this subject. however the majority of courses are dedicated to the answer of narrowly outlined difficulties, decision of strength reserves in particular approaches and vegetation, potency estimation of person power conserva tion measures, and so forth. despite the fact that, it's important to boost a normal methodological method of the answer of such difficulties and create a systematic and methodical base for knowing an strength conservation coverage. Such an attempt is made during this booklet, that's inquisitive about tools for learning power use potency in technological techniques and estimation of the theoretical and real power reserves in a given technique, expertise, or business region at the foundation in their whole strength balances.
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Additional resources for Analysis of Energy Efficiency of Industrial Processes
1), it is not necessary to include all the reactions which occur. Using the Hess law their total heat can be calculated from the chemical composition of the input and output substances. 1) is Qres = L L1H~ - L L1H? 2) 20 2. Efficiency of Technological Processes Based on Energy Balance where L1Ho is the standard enthalpy of the substance formation, and i, k are the indices of the input and output substances. But this method of determining the total amount of heat in a process due to chemical reactions does not eliminate the noted drawbacks of the classical energy (heat) balance in practical applications.
Efficiency of Technological Processes Based on Energy Balance Technology 2 Technology 1 c ~ a. E ::J IJl C o u >01 'Q! C Q! -r-r--r-~--~----~----+ to Time [years] t, pobs 2t tot, Time [years] Fig. 2. Determination of potential and reserves of energy conserved due to substitution of current technology by new, more efficient methods where (EI)i is the specific energy consumption using technology 1 at the start '0 of the period and (EI)2' is the same for technology 2 at the end of the considered period.
E ::J IJl C o u >01 'Q! C Q! -r-r--r-~--~----~----+ to Time [years] t, pobs 2t tot, Time [years] Fig. 2. Determination of potential and reserves of energy conserved due to substitution of current technology by new, more efficient methods where (EI)i is the specific energy consumption using technology 1 at the start '0 of the period and (EI)2' is the same for technology 2 at the end of the considered period. Thus, these"calculations take into account the possibility for further improvement of technology 2 during the period between to and t}.