By Neville G Gregory
Animal welfare concerns have gotten more and more well-known in animal prodution, for either monetary and ethical purposes. This publication provides a transparent figuring out of the connection among the welfare of significant foodstuff animal species and their body structure, and the direct impression this has on meat caliber. This new version makes a speciality of fresh study and advancements and in addition appears to be like into welfare in aquaculture.
Read Online or Download Animal Welfare and Meat Science PDF
Best mammals books
The human mind is the interior universe wherein all exterior occasions are perceived. That truth on my own should still make sure that neuroscience will finally obtain best precedence within the record of human endeavors. The mind represents the top of class within the realm of dwelling structures. but it's a less than excellent organ, whose mess ups in affliction tactics result in the profession of greater than half all clinic beds and whose variable functionality within the fit nation contributes in undetermined measure to the world's social difficulties.
The rumen is an item of research for plenty of varieties of organic scientist, from anatomists to microbiologists, and extra lately even mathematicians. The advancements and use of varied experimental concepts have enabled a lot development to be made in rumen experiences. numerous chapters of this booklet be aware of those recommendations and ideas that stem from their software.
The monotremes are an strange and evolutionarily very important staff of mammals displaying impressive behavioral and physiological variations to their niches. they're the single mammals showing electroreception (in the trigeminal sensory pathways) and the echidna exhibits detailed olfactory specializations.
The interactions among apex predators and their prey are essentially the most impressive and significant in nature—displays of power, patience, and a deep coevolutionary background. and there's probably no apex predator extra awesome and critical in its hunting—or extra notorious, extra misjudged—than the wolf.
- Giant Pandas: Biology, Veterinary Medicine and Management
- Gene Targeting: A Practical Approach:2nd (Second) edition
- Competition and Resource Partitioning in Temperate Ungulate Assemblies (Chapman & Hall Wildlife Ecology and Behaviour Series)
- Ecological Dynamics on Yellowstone's Northern Range
- Big Cats: Facing Britain's Wild Predators
- Hormones, Heredity, and Race: Spectacular Failure in Interwar Vienna (Studies in Modern Science, Technology, and the Environment)
Extra info for Animal Welfare and Meat Science
26 • • Chapter 2 Retching phase. This is a pre-expulsion phase in which there is a series of large negative pressure pulses in the thorax at the same time as positive pressure pulses in the abdomen. This causes the gastric contents to rock back and forward between the stomach and oesophagus. Expulsion phase. After a period of retching, the diaphragm is flattened and a quick jerk of the abdominal muscles expels the contents of the upper part of the stomach into the oesophagus and out through the mouth/nose.
Warriss et al. (1994) found that the intensity of pig squeals during handling in a commercial slaughter plant was correlated with physiological indicators of stress. The intensity of pig squealing was measured by recordings from a sound meter. Survey results indicated that plants with good equipment and well trained employees in the stunning area attained low cattle vocalization percentages of 3% or less (Grandin, 1997b). In a plant with careful quiet handling, and a state-of-the-art restraining conveyor system, over 300 feedlot heifers were scored for vocalization.
Changes sensed by the vestibular apparatus send nervous impulses to the reticular formation of the medulla oblongata in the brain. This region of the brain controls expulsive activity during vomiting, and a region which is dorsolateral to this structure controls retching activity. Projections from the medulla are responsible for the autonomic and sensory effects that occur during motion sickness. Vibration of the truck during transport can create discomfort and it may lead to motion sickness. Vibration arises from acceleration, deceleration and uneven road surfaces.