Biological anthropology : the natural history of humankind by Craig B Stanford; John S Allen; Susan C Antón

By Craig B Stanford; John S Allen; Susan C Antón

This textbook provides a survey of actual anthropology, the department of anthropology that reviews the actual improvement of the human species. It performs a tremendous half within the examine of human origins and within the research and id of human is still for felony reasons. It attracts upon human physique measurements, human genetics, and the examine of human bones and comprises the learn of human mind evolution, and of Read more...

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S. secretary of state, represented the state of Tennessee and argued that Scopes should be fired for espousing views that ran counter to literal acceptance of the age of the earth and of humankind as described in the Old Testament. On the witness stand, Darrow forced Bryan to acknowledge that the six-day creation of the Book of Genesis, along with the idea that the earth was very young, were powerful myths not meant to be taken literally. In the end, Scopes was found guilty, was fined $100, and lost his job.

If the data supporting the flat-Earth hypothesis are weak, and the weight of scientific evidence indicates that the earth is round, the flat-Earth research will be ignored or overturned. In other words, the hypothesis that the earth is flat is falsifiable. Such falsifiability is a defining trait of science. It means that rarely does a scientist claim to have “proven” anything. Instead, results are presented, and a hypothesis is either supported or rejected. Falsifiability is also a primary reason why science is such a powerful way to understand the world around us: The opportunity always exists for others to come along and correct earlier mistakes.

Cuvier and his supporters sought to explain away these fossils by embracing the concept of extinction and change, but with a biblical twist. They advocated a theory now known as catastrophism, in which cataclysmic disasters were believed to have wiped out earlier forms of life on Earth. One such natural disaster that Cuvier had in mind was Noah’s flood. After such an event, Cuvier argued, more advanced animals from other regions of the world moved in to repopulate the flooded area. These replacement populations were thought to be more advanced than the originals.

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