Biomedical Scientists and Public Policy by Vijaya L. Melnick, Daniel Melnick (auth.), H. Hugh

By Vijaya L. Melnick, Daniel Melnick (auth.), H. Hugh Fudenberg, Vijaya L. Melnick (eds.)

This quantity brings jointly the perspectives of authors eager about many facets of biomedicine-from examine on easy biology to medical make investments­ igation of the motives and therapy of human ailment to health facility adminis­ tration ·to health and wellbeing care making plans at the kingdom and Federal degrees to Con­ gressionallegislation protecting biomedical study, scientific schooling, the improvement of scientific know-how, and the supply of health and wellbeing care. the aim isn't really to provide a "party line" representing a consensus of those frequently divergent viewpoints, and we don't recommend that we have got chanced on strategies to the various difficulties encountered within the interplay of scientists, directors, legislators, and the recipients of healthiness care. those articles are meant essentially to speak to either biomedical scientists and clever laymen the methods, social and political in addition to medical, wherein biomedical technology advances, and the necessity for biomedical scientists to take an curiosity and initiative not just in clinical learn but in addition in examine on wellbeing and fitness care supply and in similar public matters prior to the legislative and administrative branches of government.

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Soc. London 47:565] Electricity stored in Leyden jar; shocks killed small animals [1762, Introductio ad Philosophiam Naturalem, pp. 477-1132, Luchtmans, Leyden] Charge from electricity machine stored in glass bottle and delivered as static electric shock [Letter to Dr. Lieberkiihn, 4 November 1745; J. G. C. Year of discovery Table III. Chronological Events in the Development of Electrocardiography I::l (J') I' @.. e: f ta (J') '" g' Ill. n' g' E;; ~. (J') Electricity generated by dissimilar metals; voltaic pile or battery [1800, Philos.

11. The information presented here was gathered from interviews with a group of biomedical scientists from various academic and research institutions. The procedures used included extended observation, focused interviews, and a questionnaire to explore the way scientists interact with the policy-making process. Included were questions designed (1) to identify the scientists' orientation to their own work, (2) to trace their 14 Vijaya L. Melnick and Daniel Melnick encounters with and perceptions of the way government distributes resources for scientific research, (3) to elicit their views of the way government uses its power to regulate scientific research, and (4) to evaluate the scientific advice government gets.

The SST). It would appear that the budgets for the NIH proposed in recent years do not reflect sound fiscal policy, as shown by the benefit-cost analysis presented here. Congress has been more diligent and has increased budgets or restored cutbacks; perhaps the current Congress will arrive at a budget that will be more realistic in meeting current and future biomedical research needs and thus, eventually, in reducing the costs of health care delivery in our country. INTRODUCTION The goal of this article is to provide some fiscal data on the dollar savings that result from biomedical research-an analysis made possible through the nationwide Committee on the Impact of Biomedical Research, representing such diverse areas of biomedicine as photobiology and neurochemistry on the one extreme and allergy and dermatology on the other.

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