By Ted Anton
Technological know-how is at a crossroads. chilly War-era effortless funds for grand-scale tasks has develop into something of the earlier. And but, during this new setting, technology appears reinvigorating itself, relocating clear of an excessively really expert, bureaucratic attitude to a extra streamlined, multidisciplinary technique. In a couple of fields, leading edge groups led by way of proficient researchers are combining imaginitive equipment with low-cost instruments to chip away on the formerly impenetrable secrets and techniques of the physique, the brain, the planet, and the universe. within the technique, they're demonstrating a similar type of encouraged force towards discovery that led Galileo to invent the telescope. daring technology examines this "scientific new wave" by way of profiling the paintings of a few striking researchers: gene hunter Craig Venter, neuroscientist Susan Greenfield, astronomer Geoffrey Marcy, immunologist Polly Matzinger, cosmologist Saul Perlmutter, ecologist Gretchen day-by-day, and evolutionist Carl Woese. Headstrong, iconoclastic, visionary, those scientists have risen to the pinnacles in their fields at a pivotal moment-and are generating outstanding breakthroughs with daring, occasionally debatable tools. In exploring their clinical lives and instances, daring technology indicates readers why we're on the dawning of a brand new period of realizing ourselves and our universe.
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Additional info for Bold Science: Seven Scientists Who Are Changing Our World
People weren't doing that much then. " Accepted into the doctoral program in neuroscience, Greenfield worked in a third-floor laboratory of the cramped pharmacology unit. Her shared lab room smelled of formaldehyde and ashtrays, but it looked out on a lone, beautiful copper beech tree. She had to work twice as hard as everyone else. She stayed up late at night, building a two-pack-a-day smoking habit as she pored over organic and inorganic chemistry texts. A few people made fun of her. An obnoxious Australian mocked her constantly.
A few months later she phoned to say, well, he had one day to decide. On the phone he said yes, then hung up and panicked. "I studied snakes for two weeks at the London Zoo and crammed from my Spanish phrase book on the plane," said Emmett of the speedy turnaround. " It also, often, worked. Outside Montevideo, Emmett found a snake called the green mamba, which produces a toxin called fasciculin. It binds to acetylcholinesterase "at a very special location, where most other inhibitors don't," enabling Synaptica to study the enzyme in greater detail.
She called these neurons "assemblies" and urged her colleagues to look at how they differed in different people. "For most scientists, subjectivity is the dirtiest word," she says. But you could say nothing substantial about consciousness, she felt, until you could explain why everyone is so different. At the same time, she pushed her work on acetylcholinesterase. "She was fighting a lone battle. People just thought she was . . a little crazy," Smith recalled of her ideas about the brain chemical.