Carbon Nanomaterials for Advanced Energy Systems: Advances by Wen Lu, Jong-Beom Baek, Liming Dai

By Wen Lu, Jong-Beom Baek, Liming Dai

With the proliferation of digital units, the area might want to double its strength offer through 2050. This ebook addresses this problem and discusses synthesis and characterization of carbon nanomaterials for power conversion and garage. * Addresses one of many best demanding situations dealing with society this day as we steer clear of dwindling provides of fossil fuels and a emerging want for electrical strength as a result of proliferation of digital items * Promotes using carbon nanomaterials for power functions * Systematic insurance: synthesis, characterization, and a big selection of carbon nanomaterials are defined * specified descriptions of sun cells, electrodes, thermoelectrics, supercapacitors, and lithium-ion-based garage * Discusses designated structure required for strength garage together with hydrogen, methane, and so on.

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Extra resources for Carbon Nanomaterials for Advanced Energy Systems: Advances in Materials Synthesis and Device Applications

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Driven by tech­ nology advances, a better understanding of fullerenes and their synthesis and processing techniques will likely allow to lower the cost of the material to meet the exponential demand of the energy industry [223]. 2 Hydrogen Storage Materials Hydrogen is a clean and renewable source of energy that could be generated by elec­ trolysis of water. 8b). However, it appears that fullerene and related materials may be promising toward storage capacities for hydrogen. In its gaseous form, hydrogen has a low specific volumetric energy density, compared to other liquid fuel sources.

Toxicity studies on D. magna, an aquatic organism, showed acute toxicity in presence of gallic acid stabilized C70 suspensions; mechanism identified was oxidative stress generated from fullerenes [211]. It is also to be noted that higher fullerene iso­ mers possess smaller band gap, which can make them more reactive [61] compared to C60s and C70s, influencing ROS generation and subsequent toxic potential of the mate­ rials. Such band gap‐modulated toxicity mechanism is already demonstrated in the case of metal nanoparticles [269].

2001. Stable dispersions of fullerenes, C60 and C70, in water. Preparation and characterization. Langmuir 17, 6013–17. [54] Deng L‐L, Feng J, Sun L‐C, Wang S, Xie S‐L, Xie S‐Y, Huang R‐B and Zheng L‐S. 2012. Functionalized dihydronaphthyl‐C60 derivatives as acceptors for efficient polymer solar cells with tunable photovoltaic properties. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 104, 113–20. [55] Denning M S, Dennis T J S, Rosseinsky M J and Shinohara H. 2001. K3+delta C84. Higher fullerene analogues of the A(3)C(60) superconductors.

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