Cardiovascular Disorders in Hemodialysis: 14th International by Mohammed S. Razzaque, Takashi Taguchi

By Mohammed S. Razzaque, Takashi Taguchi

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Extra resources for Cardiovascular Disorders in Hemodialysis: 14th International Course on Hemodialysis, Vicenza, May 2005 (Contributions to Nephrology)

Example text

Nephrol Dial Transplant 1999;14:2607–2613. Locatelli F, Covic A, Chazot C, Leunissen K, Luno J, Yaqoob M: Optimal composition of the dialysate, with emphasis on its influence on blood pressure. Nephrol Dial Transplant 2004;19: 785–796. Schneditz D, Levin NW: Non invasive blood volume monitoring during hemodialysis: Technical and physiological aspects. Semin Dial 1997;10:166–169. Mitra S, Chamney P, Greenwood R, Farrington K: The relationship between systemic and whole-body hematocrit is not constant during ultrafiltration on hemodialysis.

Lucchi L, Fiore GB, Guadagni G, Perrone S, Malaguti V, Caruso F, Fumero R, Albertazzi A: Clinical evaluation of internal hemodiafiltration (iHDF): A diffusive-convective technique performed with internal filtration enhanced high-flux dialyzers. Int J Artif Organs 2004;27:414–419. Mineshima M, Ishimori I, Ishida K, Hoshino T, Kaneko I, Sato Y, Agishi T, Tamamura N, Sakurai H, Masuda T, Hattori H: Effects of internal filtration on the solute removal efficiency of a dialyzer. ASAIO J 2000;46:456–460.

In the dialyzer, blood is exposed to dialyzing fluid (also called dialysate) and fluid is withdrawn from blood by ultrafiltration (UF). Exposure to dialyzing fluid results in an exchange of substances and thermal energy following concentration and temperature gradients, respectively. In addition an electrical connection between the hemodialysis machine and the patient is established through the dialyzing fluid and the blood. The substances that are exchanged are water-soluble organic substances, electrolytes and dissolved gases.

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