By Kolts, Juri; Ciaraldi, Stephen W. (Eds.)
This compilation emphasizes not just the interactions among corrosion-resistant alloys and environments saw in laboratory assessments, but additionally pertinent box event. It comprises contributions of alloy providers, part brands, and finish clients, delivering a number of views at the topic. The ebook is split into seven sections: martensitic stainless steels; austenitic stainless steels; duplex stainless steels; precipitation-hardened nickel alloys; strong answer nickel/cobalt-base alloys; different alloys; and acidifying corrosion-resistant alloys. This two-volume e-book positive aspects 103 vintage papers from NACE, SPE, ASM, DGM, TMS, and different organisations.
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Extra resources for Corrosion-Resistant Alloys in Oil and Gas Production, Volumes I-II
The aim of this paper is to correct this omission, by indicating the state of our knowledge in 1994, the utiiiiion statistics, the present operating procedureand the resistance limits discernible today. Knowledge update Utilization statistics Table 1 summarizes the information communicated to the T-1F-21 Committee concerning the wells presently in production, together with those planned (firm decision). 4 x 106ft) of 13 Cr tubing installedtoday in 279 wells, compared to 120 wells in lM3 and 140 in lS4.
It should be noted that this accelerated rate would not have been possible if 3 1/2 in. tubing was used The well was also modeled witb 3 1/2 in. tubing. Results indicate very severe corrosion, and velocities that exceed the erosional velocity. The flow regime indicatesmist flow. The above information along with the monitoriug data from the program implemented for this well will verify the accuracy of the decision making process. ADDITIONAL EXPERIENCE LONGTERM PERSPECTIVE The company completed their first 13Cr well for the False River field of the Tuscaloosa Trend in the summer of 1975.
In this field, it must be humbly acknowledged that everything cannot be quantified in advance. From time to time, without taking undue risks, the right policy can thus be to go ahead and take the plunge. In corrosion as elsewhere, the pioneering spirit must not bow down to bureaucracy. Maturity After the inspection of several tubing strings withdrawn for verification, 13%Cr steel was rapidly confirmed to be virtually 'indestructible- in CO, containing oil or gas wells. Apart from a few mechanical or chemical accidents not particularly related to the nature of the metal, this stainless steel tubing could even be reused indefinitely, with losses limited to 1 - 2 % per operation.