Good Knowledge, Bad Knowledge: On Two Dogmas of Epistemology by Stephen Hetherington

By Stephen Hetherington

What's wisdom? How difficult is it for anyone to have wisdom? solid wisdom, undesirable wisdom confronts modern philosophical makes an attempt to reply to these vintage questions, providing a conception of data that's specific in conceiving of information in a non-absolutist means.

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1 This is a splendid passage. Take, for instance that "the hand is the tool of tools"! All tools are made by the hand, all tools are for the hand and the hand is for them. Here we are at one pole. Here there is no knowledge, theory, or in­ tellect. Here there is experience based on sensation, on the impress of perceived qualities. At the other pole is the soul, the intellect. "Analogous to . the hand", the soul exists for forms, and all forms are embraced by it. Intellect, soul are the tool of cognition working with the forms of things, as the hand works with their mat­ ter.

535. , p. 535. Cf. ". . the soul views some things by herself and others through the bodily organs. . ". ) 38 the essence of things that the soul perceives by itself, abstracting it from the immediate specific things that it learns from the sense organs. So to know an object means knowing its essence. Essence is a general feature that must be inherent in objects that may outwardly be dissimilar from one anoth­ er. For example, kindness (as essence) inheres in a kind man, a kind woman and a kind child.

36 Socrates. Let us carry out a principle which has just been affirmed, that nothing is self-existent, and then we shall see that white, black and every other colour, arises out of the eye meeting the appropriate motion, and that what we call a colour is in each case neither the active nor passive element, but something which passes between them, and is peculiar to each percipi­ ent; are you quite certain that the several colours ap­ pear to a dog or to any animal whatever as they appear to you?

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